Kornprobst, Markus.
Kornprobst, Markus. "How rhetorical strategies reproduce compromise agreements: The case of the nuclear non-proliferation regime." Government and Opposition 47.3 (2012): 342-367.
Publication year: 2012

 How Rhetorical Strategies Reproduce Compromise Agreements 

The Case of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Regime

By Markus Kornprobst



How do actors, once they have reached agreement on a compromise, make this compromise persist? Being rooted in mutual concessions, it can never be taken for granted that compromises, once agreed upon, stay in place. Contestation about compliance is something that is very much to be expected and does not inevitably destabilise a compromise. Whether such a destabilisation occurs or not depends on how actors communicate with one another. I contend that whether compromise persists or not has a lot to do with the interplay of offensive and defensive rhetorical strategies that actors employ. I identify six offensive strategies (recourse, elaboration, entrapment, accusation, ostracism, abandonment) and six defensive ones (accommodation, placation, denial, deflection, inattentiveness, rejection), and chart the degrees to which offensive-defensive exchanges of strategies are conducive to reproducing compromises. Recourse-accommodation interplays on the one hand (most conducive) and abandonment-rejection interplays on the other (least conducive) form the poles of the spectrum of exchanges. I probe my theoretical framework by inquiring into the stability of the grand compromise that underpins the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The findings support my framework. The parties have tended to stay away from heavy rhetorical artillery and stuck to less robust rhetorical strategies. Elaboration and placation strategies have played a particularly important role for making the grand compromise persist.


  • International Relations



Acknowledgements: I would like to thank Hartmut Behr, Richard Bellamy, Steven Bernstein, Corneliu Bjola, Christine Reh, Karin Fierke, Gudrun Harrer, Martin Senn, Ian O’Flynn, as well as the referees and editors for their very helpful comments.



Last draft before final version and publication in Government & Opposition 47/3 (2012) {in special issue: Politics as Compromise, edited with Richard Bellamy and Christine Reh}.


Bibliographical details: Kornprobst, Markus. „How rhetorical strategies reproduce compromise agreements: The case of the nuclear non-proliferation regime.“ Government and Opposition 47.3 (2012): 342-367.